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Health impact of Down Syndrome in Africa

Down’s syndrome is a genetic condition that occurs when an individual has an extra copy of chromosome 21. It is the most common genetic cause of mild to moderate cerebral disability.

This extra genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome. A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm - although each person with Down syndrome is a unique individual and may possess these characteristics to different degrees, or not at all.

One of the reasons why mums undergo testing is for them to determine whether their baby will have Down syndrome so as to prepare to raise a child with special needs.